Specific features: 10 kg bag; covers … Germination may be slightly slower in spring. If that is not possible, then walk over it gently, basically you’re trying to compact the soil. For example, fescue seeds for ornamental lawns often take longest to grow and require frequent watering, so if you forget to continually water them, they may take even longer to germinate. There are various grades from those for occasional parking areas to those for pedestrian paths. The rain will help consolidate it. The exception to this rule is if you want to plant grass seed under trees which shed their leaves as the grass seed will struggle to grow under the debris and if you clear up the debris, you’ll probably find yourself accidentally clearing up the grass seed as well. Many are ideal for gravel gardens, prairie planting, wildlife gardens and are great to add to the cutting garden; others perform well in containers. But, if you do repair a small area and unexpectedly very cold weather is forecast, using a bit of fleece is fantastic for helping boost temperatures and keeping hungry birds at bay. So how can he explain my previous successes with winter grass sowing? Generally, we recommend sowing grass seed in mid-late spring and again in early autumn. Basically, you want to plant grass seed when there is warmth (but not excessive heat), plenty of sunshine and a decent amount of moisture. Again, don’t overdo this as seeds also need light. A weed is “a plant in the wrong place”, but weeds can have significant consequences for grass leys. James points out that sports stadium pitches are reconstructed at the end of each season and sown with pure rye-grass mixtures at the end of May/June. Eliminate perennial weeds such as couch grass or bindweed well before beginning to prepare the seed bed. Creeping grasses spread by stolons or rhizomes. Go slowly for the first few times you mow to ensure the grass is cut as cleanly as possible. We were lucky. Thankfully, with the mild temperatures, in two weeks it was greening up and now it looks almost lush. Start by reading the instructions on the packaging and give them priority. Bald patches created by leatherjackets and chafer bugs seem to be on the increase in lawns. Soil temperatures are still warm (55° to 65° F), which is necessary for optimum seed germination, and cooler air temperatures are better for grass growth. These areas are best done in the spring. Give it a few weeks and all the weeds will be dead and ready for removal. Our in house heavy lifter, you certainly know when he’s around. Ornamental grasses can be used to great effect in our gardens, from providing a calming presence to more exuberant flowering plants to being the only focus of the design. In either case, you want to get down to about 15cm. Perfect for seeds to germinate. There are grasses for damp or dry soil, shady as well as sunny situations. You can find us not only on this site but on the social media channels below. Hard Wearing Grass; High Quality Lawn Lawn UK is known for top quality premium lawn seed. Well, when you bring in the mower in spring, most will hopefully be out-competed by your thickly growing lawn - fingers crossed! Whether you’re sowing a new lawn or overseeding an old one, you want to do it at the right time and in the right way. If it builds, screws or fixes, Jeff knows all about it. Through dormant seeding, grass seed can be planted in November when the weather is cold enough to keep it dormant until the weather warms up in the spring. For example, if part of your garden gets a lot of sunlight and another part is mostly in shade, then you might want to use different grass seeds for the different areas. Bald areas in your lawns can creep in from too much shade as trees expand their canopies. Choose warm-season grass such as bermudagrass or bahiagrass, if you live in a hot Southern region. You can sow grass seed in spring or autumn. For example, you might need to add a soil improver or top soil, or if your soil is very sandy, you might want to add some lawn soil or sharp sand to help improve the drainage. Moisture of the soil There are 10,000 grass species offering a very wide range of types of plant. Early fall is the very best time to plant grass seed. In principle, if you store it properly, then good-quality grass seed can last for up to three years. James Grundy of Pitchcare points out that the two main factors for germination are temperature and moisture. Grass Seed. This will allow the warm weather grasses to get the benefit of warm temperatures that come with summer while giving them time to become established prior to cooler weather in the fall. Once this is all done, give the area a standard rake so that it is flat and then walk all over it so that the soil is compacted. There are basically four steps to sowing grass seed. Planting 1 or 2 seeds into a seed pod is a slower method, but works in the long run. Always eating and always active, Jeff literally never stops, always has a smile on his face but more importantly for our readers, is an expert reviewer, We will never spam you and ONLY send you deals and updates worth reading, This site is community-driven and all reviews and opinions toward the products are welcomed. If in doubt, sow grass seed which requires little maintenance, because it will still look better than high-maintenance grass seed which hasn’t been properly maintained. Don’t go crazy and scalp your lawn, it won’t be nearly strong enough to take this sort of treatment yet. A soil thermometer is an extremely handy bit of kit and the results can often surprise you (a great guide to sowing early veg, too). When you sow the seed it will be at marginally varying depths and not all germinates exactly at the same time so it is unlikely for it all to be affected by frost. Again, you might want to use different kinds of grass seed. In these locations you might want to go for either wood chips or some sort of decorative edging. An easy way to do this is to grab 4 garden canes and cut them to a metre each, you might also want to grab some stones to hold them in place. As a general rule, plant cool-season grass seed at least 45 days before the estimated date of your first fall frost, before soil and air temperatures drop to less favorable levels. If sowing in autumn, the seed will germinate quickly as the ground is warm and moist. You never want to plant grass seed in winter or summer, because it will be either too cold or too hot and too dry and basically your grass seed is far more likely to shrivel and die than it is to grow. It’s really important to keep your soil moist, so if you don’t get rain, then you will need to water manually for at least the 7-10 days after sowing. Over Christmas I was busy sowing grass seed. This covers meadow grass, bamboos, cereals etc, all of which fall under the same family Gramineae. Leave your grass to grow until it hits about 6-8cm and then, if possible, go over it gently with a garden roller. If you’re planning to use a residual weed killer and/or moss killer then you want to do so at least a month before you seed your lawn. If you don’t want to increase the light by reducing the canopies, maybe you should forget grass in these areas altogether. Two of the chemicals that treat these (chlorpyrifos and imidacloprid) have been withdrawn, but there is a highly effective biological solution. There’s a good chance most of them will die back in the autumn in any case. After all this wet weather, some of us are thinking we need more paths. Before laying a new lawn, take some time to think about the part it will play in your overall garden layout. Depending on the nature of your garden, you may want to plant different types of grass seed for different areas. Use weedkiller, or hand weed. Pro tip, while you might think that “grass is grass” in actual fact when you see two types of grasses side by side, the difference between them can be very obvious. For example, premium shade, which is a fine quality lawn mixture also grows well in the shade. We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. Advise the people in your life that they need to stay off the seeded area until it is properly established for which read about a month. I find it invaluable. Planting during cool weather in fall and spring coincides with the most active growth periods for these grass types. In most case people tend to know about lawn grass, paddock grass seed and in some cases ornamental grasses that can be planted in borders. For example, premium shade, which is a fine quality lawn mixture also grows well in the shade. Alternatively you could use string, preferably coloured string, and again you’ll need something to hold it down. It is important to remember to lay them about 5mm below the level of the surrounding grass so you can mow over the top. Browse our selection at https://www.telegraphplants.co.uk/. No weeds can compete and the mower restricts its spread. In a perfect world, I would prefer to sow in September, but this is not always possible. Ideally, you should finish by going over the area with a garden roller, but if you don’t have one, just walk over it, if possible put a cover down first, a plank will do or a tarpaulin, to give your seeds a bit of protection. This was being converted into a grand hotel and we needed to get the lawns presentable for the opening. Since then I have heeded his excellent advice. Once you’ve scarified your lawn, or if you’re creating a new lawn dig over the earth with a fork if you can. Again, keep a light hand, use a manual watering can with a rose on or a hose gun with a mist spray (or a sprinkler with a mist setting). So that just leaves the moss invasion. Thirty years ago I worked with an experienced 70-year-old head gardener, Les Jones, on the gardens at Stapleford Park. You’re just going to have to ignore them for the first 6 months or so. In one such area, my orchard, I have planted low sheets of Symphytum 'Hidcote Blue’. If you are using hard-wearing grass seed and doing everything properly and still finding that you regularly get bare patches in the same places on your lawn, then you should probably take this as a sign that the traffic is too much for any form of grass and that you either want to look at an alternative such as paving or at the very least give your lawn some help, for example, by putting down stepping stones. For grasses that do best in a dry soil, improve drainage by digging in … Best Times to Plant Grass Seed. Some types of grass seed will rot if left in cold, wet ground, fescues are particularly prone to this, whereas rye grass is more tolerant. Les surprised me by saying that he would sow grass seed at pretty much any time of year and it pretty much  always germinated and grew. In Massachusetts, for example, early fall is the ideal time to plant grass seed. Autumn (generally September) is ideal If you can’t wait until September, do it in the spring (April/May is generally best) but keep an eye out for weeds However, all this advice is predicated on the weather. Dig or rotovate the site to a depth of 20-25cm (8-10in). Knowing when to sow grass Sowing season in the UK is generally from mid March - September, this is when temperatures are 8-10 degrees and above consistently, which is required for germination to occur. A couple of days before you sow your grass seed it’s also a good idea to rake in a small amount of general lawn fertiliser such as Miracle-Gro Growmore Garden Plant Food at 35gm/sqm a few days before sowing seed. Place fine-meshed netting over your seeded area to deter birds and for bonus points give your garden birds an alternative source of food which is easy for them to access. Seed Head: This is the flower of the grass plant. The reason why late summer to mid-autumn has the edge over mid-spring is because most weeds have already been and gone, so there will be less competition for resources. When to plant grass seed in the UK. You may want or need to skip this step if you are using grass seeds which come with a fertilizer treatment, check the instructions on the packaging. These finest quality grass seed mixtures are designed to look perfect but still be versatile. Try to make them as close to 1M by 1M as you possibly can the quantity of seed to use is generally given on this basis. You could choose to make a feature of this or to blur the difference by using a combination of the two seed types over the part where the two areas join together. If you’re overseeding an existing lawn (basically dealing with bare patches), it’s preferable to scarify the lawn thoroughly first. If you sow in autumn, weeds are far less likely to be an issue, but if they do pop up then either ignore them or remove them by hand. Planting grass seed in August and September, the best time to plant in the Northeast, gives the grass a chance to set before winter. You should never roll it immediately after sowing. This means the grass should begin to grow between five and 30 days after laying down the grass seed. The flowers come early, often in March, great for hungry, early flying bees. Divide the area to be seeded into segments. We rely on advertising to help fund our award-winning journalism. Grass Seed. Because it can’t tolerate extreme heat or cold, the best time to plant cool-season grass is in the spring or fall. When the grass hits 5cm (2 1 / 2 ”) you can start mowing your new lawn. BIG guy with a big heart, super warm and friendly guy. This means that, in practice, you should really aim to use up grass seed within one year. In vulnerable areas such as under swings and play areas, there is a similar product, Safety Rubber Mat. Your grasses will enjoy a full fall season, plus a second cool, growing season come spring. This year in early December we sowed quite a stretch of parkland for a client. They are turned around from sowing to play in 5-6 weeks. Award-winning garden designer Charlotte Howard said, “Grass seed can take between 5 and 30 days to germinate, depending on the variety.There are many different types of grass seed mixes depending on the sort of lawn you want. Grass seed can survive the winter, and planting during the winter season is known as dormant seeding. Sow half the seed in one direction, turn 90 degrees and sow the other half of the seed. 1 At this time, the ground is still warm enough to aid germination, but the days are cool and sometimes rainy. This will help prepare the soil and give your grass the best chance of growing. Nemasys Chafer bug killer and Nemasys leather jacket killer (pitchcare.com). These grasses are best planted in the early summer because they will only germinate in warm soil. Large tracts had to be sown with grass. They grow from the crown of the plant. When grass fully matures before the winter season, the lawn grows in full the following spring. A common cause of failure arises from sowing in spring. Starting ornamental grass seed by planting 1 or 2 seeds per growing cell will work, just not as fast as method #2. Former Joiner and handyman with over 25 years in the business, Jeff is our 'hands-on' tools, garden and hardware expert. Ideally, cover it with something which blocks out light completely to prevent weeds from taking hold. When you should sow grass seed - Lawn UK When you should sow grass seed You can sow Lawn UK lawn seed mixtures at any time from late March to mid-October providing that in periods of unusually dry weather the seedbed is kept constantly moist until the grass is about 6cm (2.5 inches) high. Our fridges are usually set for 5C for a good reason - at this temperature not a lot happens in terms of mould or any other type of growth. Stepping stones are another way to toughen up your grass paths. There are an infinite number of patterns you can use enabling you to create curvy or straight paths. Here are some grass-seed related FAQs and the answers to them. If nothing else, this means that you can do away with the edging shears and just mow right to the edge of your lawn area. Many ornamental grasses can be grown easily from seed.Increase or refresh your stock by collecting seeds in autumn, for sowing in spring. The exception to this is if the packaging specifically says that the grass seed needs to be fertilized, in which case follow the instructions. You can also save yourself issues with roots causing damage to the edges of your lawn and also to foliage dropping onto your lawn and needing to be cleaned up quickly before it suffocates your grass. The alternative, ivy, with its much shinier leaf, looks a bit harsh by contrast and it catches on to things and climbs. These are: choosing the right grass seed, preparing the lawn area, sowing the grass seeds and aftercare. If you have a cylinder mower, remove the front roller as it will be a bit too much at this point. For best results, lawn seed should be sown in spring (from March to May) or early autumn (September to mid October), when the soil is moist and warm. Tips for Planting Grass Grass seed is best sown from late summer to mid-autumn; there is less competition from weeds, and the soil is warm, and damp from rain. This is important as using too few seeds will obviously result in thin grass (if they survive) but using too many will lead to wastage as the excess seeds will not have room to germinate and so will just rot away. I checked with experts to find out what risks I am taking by sowing at a time of year when we could have a sudden freeze. Measure out the grass seeds properly. When planning to sow grass, make sure to consult a two week forecast to mitigate any risk of adverse weather or sudden drop in temperatures. The mesh is invisible once the grass has grown through and maintenance is as for normal grass. Some types of grass seed will rot if left in cold, wet ground, fescues are particularly prone to this, whereas rye grass is more tolerant. In the area where you want to grow the grass, use a shovel or tiller to turn over … And mind you, this was the suggested method on the seed packet. When to plant grass seed in the UK – the long answer Basically, you want to plant grass seed when there is warmth (but not excessive heat), plenty of sunshine and a decent amount of moisture. These finest quality grass seed mixtures are designed to look perfect but still be versatile. There will also be fewer weeds for the grass to compete with at this time of the year. If you sow your grass seeds in spring, you’ll probably find that you get a lot of weeds in your lawn. Dig or till the area. If you are going to use residual weed killer or moss killer, then it’s preferable to use one which also feeds your lawn as this will help to add the nutrients the grass seeds will need to grow. Depending on the seed used and the temperature you should start to see some green shoots within 10 to 14 days. Basically allow up to 10 days for germination and then another 3 weeks or so for initial, slow, growth. This not only protects the grass but also provides a safety surface. This will get rid of any thatch and remaining weeds (especially moss) which could suffocate your grass seeds. Speaking of areas which join together, you can make your life a whole lot easier by keeping a hard border between lawns and beds, trees and ornaments. Prepare the soil well by digging over, removing weeds and raking level. Whatever you do, you want to end up with soil which is free of lumps. This is a heavy duty polyethylene grid, which is simply installed by laying it over mown grass and pinning into place. If you’re not, you’ll need to find one or use scales. Assuming good growing conditions, you should expect it to take about a month for you to have something which looks recognizably like a lawn. Another trick beloved of experienced gardeners is to put a heavy covering over the ground, basically anything thick enough to block out all the light (it’s important that all light is blocked). For your area, you’ll need to know your soil type (in particular the pH level and how well it drains), plus the local climate. Turfing is an option, but is far more expensive and often doesn’t give you the right seed mix. The Grass People Superstar: best grass seed for large areas. Then move on to the next segment. I like laying a square slab at 45 degrees to the path and then alternating this with a long thin slab. Grass reinforcing meshes (terram.com) can offer a soft solution. When you’ve finished rake over the area so that the grass seeds are in the soil rather than just on the soil. For example, where a field contains a 20% dock infestation, this can equate to a loss in 20% of potential grass production. Often soil temperatures on the surface can warm up remarkably quickly with a bit of sunshine. Join us, join in, save and live in luxury, for less, Enable registration in settings - general, When and How to Sow Grass Seed – Planting & Preparing Expert Guide, Best Drain Unblockers UK – [DIY Guide & Product Guide], How Much Does It Cost To Run A Hot Tub – [Complete Expert Guide], How to get rid of foxes in your garden – [UK Expert Guide], How to Sharpen Garden Shears – [Step By Step Guide], Best Cat Scarer – Complete Buying Guide and Review, When to Scarify the Lawn – Lawn Care an Expert Guide. The right grass seed can survive the winter season is known for top quality premium seed! 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